Definition of Typology in Sociology

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A typology is a set of categories used for classification. A typology generally has non-overlapping categories that exhaust all possibilities so that there is one category available for each observation and each observation only fits one category.


A society can be categorized using a typology of the types of economy. For example, industrial, hunter-gatherer, horticultural, pastoral, agrarian, fishing, and herding are all types of economy.

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Crossman, Ashley. "Definition of Typology in Sociology." ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, Crossman, Ashley. (2020, August 28). Definition of Typology in Sociology. Retrieved from Crossman, Ashley. "Definition of Typology in Sociology." ThoughtCo. (accessed June 6, 2023).