Lesson to Help Students of English Understand Newspaper Headlines

young woman on laptop and young man reading newspaper
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Take a look at any newspaper or magazine headline and you are likely to find incomplete sentences full of action packed verbs. Headlines live in a linguistic bubble all by themselves because they ignore grammar conventions such as the use of helping verbs and so on. Of course, this means that newspaper headlines can be confusing to English language students. This is because newspaper headlines are often incomplete. For example:

Difficult Times Ahead
Under Pressure from Boss
Mustang Referral Customer Complaint

This lesson focuses on helping make sense of the strange forms used in newspaper headlines. You may want to review some of the most common grammar exceptions found in newspaper headlines before you take this lesson into class.

Aim: Understanding newspaper headlines

Activity: "Translating" newspaper headlines into more understandable English

Level: Intermediate to higher levels


  • Find some headlines in old newspapers or on the Internet and cut them out. There should be at least two headlines per student.
  • Pass out one of the headlines to each student. Give them a few minutes to think about the meaning of each headline.
  • Ask students to read their headlines aloud and give an explanation of what they think the article in question concerns.
  • As a class, brainstorm on possible structural meanings behind the "strange" grammar found in headlines (refer to grammar exceptions found in newspaper headlines).
  • Ask students to fit the following headlines into the correct categories on the worksheet. You may want to have students pair up to do this.
  • Correct the exercise as a class.
  • Pass out the headlines you have left to the students. Ask each student to "translate" each headline into "proper" English and give an explanation of what they think the article in question concerns.
  • As a homework option, you may want to ask students to find some headlines on their own and repeat this exercise. A further challenge might be to ask students to find headlines, read the articles, and then ask other students to interpret their headlines in small groups.

    Newspaper Headlines Worksheet for Students of English

    1. Match these newspaper headlines into with the following categories (some headlines fit two categories):


    Noun Phrases
    Noun Strings
    Simple Tenses instead of Continuous or Perfect
    Auxiliary Verbs Dropped in Passive Form
    Articles Dropped
    Infinitive to Indicate Future

    Newspaper Headlines

    Difficult Times Ahead
    Forgotten Brother Appears
    James Wood to Visit Portland
    Landscaping Company Disturbance Regulations
    Man Killed in Accident
    Mayor to Open Shopping Mall
    Mustang Referral Customer Complaint
    Overwhelming Response of Voters
    Passerby Sees Woman Jump
    President Declares Celebration
    Professors Protest Pay Cuts
    Tommy the Dog Named Hero
    Under Pressure from Boss
    Unexpected Visit
    Widow Pension Pay Committee

    2. Try to "translate" the meaning of each of the headlines.