Languages › English as a Second Language Up and Down Phrasal Verbs Share Flipboard Email Print Yagi Studio/Getty Images English as a Second Language Resources for Teachers Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated July 22, 2018 Phrasal verbs formed with 'up' and 'down' are used to indicate increases and decreases in a number of qualities. Each use is indicated by a specific general quality followed by a synonymous verb or short definition. There are two example sentences for each phrasal verb with up or down. Here's an example: Up = Increase in ValueDown = Decrease in Value to put up (S) = to raiseThe supermarket put coffee prices up in January. to bring down (S) = to reduceThe recession brought profits down sharply. Remember that phrasal verbs can be either separable or inseparable (review separable inseparable phrasal verbs). Each phrasal verb is also marked as separable (S) or inseparable (I). In the case that verbs are separable, examples will use the separable form of the phrasal verb. For inseparable phrasal verbs, examples keep the phrasal verbs together. Phrasal Verbs With Up Up = Increase in Value to put up (S) = to raise We'll have to put our prices up to compete.Have they put the price of corn up recently? to go up (I) = to increase The price of gas went up in March.Our rent went up in January. Up = Increase in Size to bring up (S) = to raise (usually children) They brought their children up to be responsible adults.We're bringing up two children. to grow up (I) = to become older You've grown up since I last saw you.The children grew up so fast. Up = Increase in Speed to speed up (I) = to go faster in a vehicle He quickly sped up to sixty miles an hour.His motorcycle can speed up to 100 quickly. to hurry up (I) = to do something faster, to get ready faster Could you please hurry up?!I'll hurry up and finish this report. Up = Increase in Heat to heat up (S) = to make hotter I'll heat the soup up for lunch.What should I heat up for dinner? to warm up (S) = to make hotter I'll warm this soup up for lunch.Would you like me to warm your tea up? Up = Increase in Happiness, Excitement to cheer up (S) = to make someone happier Can you cheer Tim up?I think we need to cheer them up with a song or two. to liven up (S) = to make something more fun Let's liven this party up with a game.We need to liven this meeting up. Up = Increase Sound to turn up (S) = to raise the volume Please turn the radio up.I like to turn the stereo up when nobody is home. to speak up (I) = to speak with a stronger voice You need to speak up for people to understand you.Please speak up in this room. Up = Increase in Strength to build up (S) = to increase over time It's important to build your muscle strength up over time.They've built up an impressive stock portfolio. to pick up (I) = to improve over time My health has picked up over the past few days.The stock market has picked up recently. Phrasal Verbs With Down Down = Decrease in Value to bring down (S) = to reduce They bring down prices after Christmas.The summer brought heating oil prices down. to go down (I) = to decrease The value of the house went down during the recession.Gas prices have gone down dramatically over the past few months. to cut down (S) = to reduce the value of We've cut our research and development budget down significantly.They've cut their investments down to half. Down = Decrease in Speed to slow down (I) = to reduce your speed Slow down when you drive into town.My car slowed down and stopped at the intersection. Down = Decrease in Temperature to cool down (S) = to a lower temperature You'll cool down after you stop exercising.This cool towel will cool you down. Down = Decrease in Excitement to cool down (S) = to relax I need to take a moment to cool down.Tom should cool his friend down so we can continue the meeting. to calm down (S) = to make less excited I calmed the children down with a movie.It took him a while to calm down after the meeting. Down = Decrease in Volume to turn down (S) = to reduce the volume Could you please turn that music down?I think you should turn the volume down on the radio. to keep down (S) = to remain soft >Please keep your voices down in the library.I'd like you to keep it down in this room. to quieten down (S) = to encourage someone to become quieter Could you please quieten your children down?I'd like you to quieten the class down. Down = Reduce Strength to water down (S) = to reduce the strength of something (often alcohol) Could you water this martini down?You need to water down your argument.