Spanish Verb Encantar Conjugation

Encantar Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

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Nos encanta la casa. (We love the house). Getty Images

Encantar is a transitive verb that can be translated as "to enchant" or "to bewitch." However, it is most often used to express an extreme like or love for an object. For example, Me encanta el chocolate is translated as I love chocolate. This article includes encantar conjugations reflecting this usage in the present, past, conditional and future indicative, the present and past subjunctive, the imperative, and other verb forms.

Encantar as a Backward Verb

The verbs encantar and gustar have a unique property: they are considered backward verbs. They are frequently used in the third person, where the subject in the English sentence becomes the object in Spanish. For example, the English sentence "I like the house" (subject + verb + object) is reversed as me gusta la casa (object + verb + subject) in Spanish. If we wish to say "I like the house very much" or "I love the house," the phrase would be translated as Me encanta la casa.

Backward verb sentence construction is not unique to Spanish. English also uses this sentence formation in some instances. For example, look at the flipped sentence, "Love matters to me." This backward construction in English and Spanish is inherited from Latin verbs in the 1500s that had this flipped verb-subject usage.

The Spanish language uniquely borrowed several verbs from Latin, used the Latin backward construction, and then extended this construction to more than two dozen newly formed verbs over time. 

The following list includes other Spanish backward verbs. Note that most are used to describe opinions or psychological/physical reactions, possession, or involvement.

  • aburrir - to bore
  • faltar - to lack
  • molestar - to bother
  • interesar - to interest
  • disgustar - to disgust
  • picar - to itch
  • fastidiar - to annoy
  • importar - to care about something
  • quedar - to remain

Encantar Conjugation

When used with the meaning of "to enchant" or "to bewitch", encantar is conjugated like any regular -ar verb such as tratar, or ayudar. For example, you can say La bruja encanta a la niña (The witch enchants the girl). However, encantar is more commonly used as a backward verb meaning "to love something." To reflect this popular usage, this article includes conjugations of encantar as a backward verb. For all of these conjugations, the subject of the sentence is the object that is loved. If the object is singular or a verb, the third person singular conjugation is used, and if the object is plural, the third person plural conjugation is used.

Note that all of the conjugations use indirect object pronouns to show who loves the object, and the object always includes the definite article (el, la, los, las).

Sentences with verbs like encantar may include the preposition a plus a pronoun or noun that matches the indirect object. This is usually included to draw attention to or make explicit the entity that is doing the liking. For example, A muchas mujeres les encantan los cuentos de amor, which means, "Many women really like love stories."

Present Indicative

A mí me encanta(n) Me encanta leer. I love reading.
A ti te encanta(n) Te encantan las películas de acción. You love action movies.
A usted/él/ella le encanta(n) Le encanta aprender español. She loves learning Spanish.
A nosotros nos encanta(n) Nos encanta la comida italiana. We love Italian food.
A vosotros os encanta(n) Os encanta hacer ejercicio. You love exercising.
A ustedes/ellos/ellas les encanta(n) Les encantan los tulipanes. They love tulips.

Preterite Indicative

We use the preterite to describe completed actions in the past. When used with encantar, it usually means that when you see or experience something for the first time, you love it.

A mí me encantó/encantaron Me encantó leer. I loved reading.
A ti te encantó/encantaron Te encantaron las películas de acción. You loved action movies.
A usted/él/ella le encantó/encantaron Le encantó aprender español. She loved learning Spanish.
A nosotros nos encantó/encantaron Nos encantó la comida italiana. We loved Italian food.
A vosotros os encantó/encantaron Os encantó hacer ejercicio. You loved exercising.
A ustedes/ellos/ellas les encantó/encantaron Les encantaron los tulipanes. They loved tulips.

Imperfect Indicative

We use the imperfect tense to describe ongoing or repeated actions in the past. When used with encantar, it would mean that you used to love something, but not anymore.

A mí me encantaba(n) Me encantaba leer. I used to love reading.
A ti te encantaba(n) Te encantaban las películas de acción. You used to love action movies.
A usted/él/ella le encantaba(n) Le encantaba aprender español. She used to love learning Spanish.
A nosotros nos encantaba(n) Nos encantaba la comida italiana. We used to love Italian food.
A vosotros os encantaba(n) Os encantaba hacer ejercicio. You used to love exercising.
A ustedes/ellos/ellas les encantaba(n) Les encantaban los tulipanes. They used to love tulips.

Future Indicative

A mí me encantará(n) Me encantará leer. I will love reading.
A ti te encantará(n) Te encantarán las películas de acción. You will love action movies.
A usted/él/ella le encantará(n) Le encantará aprender español. She will love learning Spanish.
A nosotros nos encantará(n) Nos encantará la comida italiana. We will love Italian food.
A vosotros os encantará(n) Os encantará hacer ejercicio. You will love exercising.
A ustedes/ellos/ellas les encantará(n) Les encantarán los tulipanes. They will love tulips.

Periphrastic Future Indicative 

A mí me va(n) a encantar Me va a encantar leer. I am going to love reading.
A ti te va(n) a encantar Te van a encantar las películas de acción. You are going to love action movies.
A usted/él/ella le va(n) a encantar Le va a encantar aprender español. She is going to love learning Spanish.
A nosotros nos va(n) a encantar Nos va a encantar la comida italiana. We are going to love Italian food.
A vosotros os va(n) a encantar Os va a encantar hacer ejercicio. You are going to love exercising.
A ustedes/ellos/ellas les va(n) a encantar Les van a encantar los tulipanes. They are going to love tulips.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form

Present Progressive of Encantar está(n) encantando A ella le está encantando aprender español.  She is loving learning Spanish.

Encantar Past Participle

Present Perfect of Encantar ha(n) encantado A ella le ha encantado aprender español. She has loved learning Spanish.

Conditional Indicative

The conditional tense is used to talk about possibilities.

A mí me encantaría(n) Me encantaría leer si tuviera más tiempo. I would love reading if I had more time.
A ti te encantaría(n) Te encantarían las películas de acción, pero son muy violentas. You would love action movies, but they are very violent.
A usted/él/ella le encantaría(n) Le encantaría aprender español si tuviera un buen maestro. She would love learning Spanish if she had a good teacher.
A nosotros nos encantaría(n) Nos encantaría la comida italiana, pero no nos gusta la pasta. We would love Italian food, but we don't like pasta.
A vosotros os encantaría(n) Os encantaría hacer ejercicio si estuvierais en forma. You would love exercising if you were in shape.
A ustedes/ellos/ellas les encantaría(n) Les encantarían los tulipanes, pero prefieren las rosas. They would love tulips, but they prefer roses.

Present Subjunctive

Que a mí me encante(n) El maestro espera que me encante leer. The teacher hopes that I love to read.
Que a ti te encante(n) Tu novio espera que te encanten las películas de acción. Your boyfriend hopes that you love action movies.
Que a usted/él/ella le encante(n) Su profesora espera que a ella le encante aprender español. Her professor hopes that she loves to learn Spanish.
Que a nosotros nos encante(n) El cocinero espera que nos encante la comida italiana. The cook hopes that we love Italian food.
Que a vosotros os encante(n) La doctora espera que nos encante hacer ejercicio. The doctor hopes that we love exercising.
Que a ustedes/ellos/ellas les encante(n) El decorador espera que a ellas les encanten los tulipanes. The decorator hopes that they love tulips.

Imperfect Subjunctive

Note that there are two options for conjugating the imperfect subjunctive:

Option 1

Que a mí me encantara(n) El maestro esperaba que me encantara leer. The teacher hoped that I would love to read.
Que a ti te encantara(n) Tu novio esperaba que te encantaran las películas de acción. Your boyfriend hoped that you would love action movies.
Que a usted/él/ella le encantara(n) Su profesora esperaba que a ella le encantara aprender español. Her professor hoped that she would love to learn Spanish.
Que a nosotros nos encantara(n) El cocinero esperaba que nos encantara la comida italiana. The cook hoped that we would love Italian food.
Que a vosotros os encantara(n) La doctora esperaba que os encantara hacer ejercicio. The doctor hoped that you would love exercising.
Que a ustedes/ellos/ellas les encantara(n) El decorador esperaba que a ellas les encantaran los tulipanes. The decorator hoped that they would love tulips.

Option 2

Que a mí me encantase(n) El maestro esperaba que me encantase leer. The teacher hoped that I would love to read.
Que a ti te encantase(n) Tu novio esperaba que te encantasen las películas de acción. Your boyfriend hoped that you would love action movies.
Que a usted/él/ella le encantase(n) Su profesora esperaba que a ella le encantase aprender español. Her professor hoped that she would love to learn Spanish.
Que a nosotros nos encantase(n) El cocinero esperaba que nos encantase la comida italiana. The cook hoped that we would love Italian food.
Que a vosotros os encantase(n) La doctora esperaba que os encantase hacer ejercicio. The doctor hoped that you would love exercising.
Que a ustedes/ellos/ellas les encantase(n) El decorador esperaba que a ellas les encantasen los tulipanes. The decorator hoped that they would love tulips.

Encantar Imperative

The imperative mood is used to give commands or orders. If you use encantar as a regular verb meaning to enchant or bewitch someone, then you can use the imperative forms as with other regular -ar verbs. However, when encantar is used as a backward verb to mean to love something, the subject of the sentence is the person who loves the object. Therefore, if you form the imperative for these backward verbs, you would be telling the object to enchant the person, instead of telling the person to love the object. For that reason, the imperative forms of encantar are rarely used when the verb is a backward verb. If you wanted to tell someone to love something, you could use a structure with the subjunctive, such as Quiero que te encante bailar (I want you to love dancing).