Using "Arigatou gozaimasu" and "Arigatou gozaimashita" to Make Phrases Polite

When and how to use"Arigatou gozaimasu" and "Arigatou gozaimashita"

Arigatou Gozaimasu

These tables provide a quick overview of the difference between "Arigatou gozaimasu" and "Arigatou gozaimashita."

A. "Gozaimasu (ございます)" is used to make some phrases polite.

Arigatou. (informal)
ありがとう。
Thank you.
Arigatou gozaimasu. (formal)
ありがとうございます。
Ohayou. (informal)
おはよう。
Good Morning.
Ohayou gozaimasu. (formal)
おはようございます。

 

When talking to a social superior, "gozaimasu" should be added.

"~mashita" is the past tense of the verb.

Click here to learn more about verbs.

 PresentPast
to goikimasu
行きます
ikimashita
行きました
to eattabemasu
食べます
tabemashita
食べました

 

If something has already been done for you, "Arigatou gozaimashita (ありがとうございました)" can be used. You will often hear this phrase used by clerks at a store, or in an office in the service industry.

"Arigatou gozaimasu (ありがとうございます)" is a general way of saying "Thank you". It can be used either for something that will be done, or something that has already been done.