Vegetables in Spanish

Expand your dining vocabulary

vegetables for Spanish lesson
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If you were a botanist, you might call vegetables vegetales in Spanish, but if you were a culinary expert, you'd probably say verduras or, less commonly, hortalizas. But whatever you call them, knowing the names of vegetables can come in handy if you're poring over a restaurant menu or want a balanced diet where Spanish is spoken.

Spanish Names for Vegetables

Here are the names of the most common vegetables (and some foods that are often thought of as such even if they technically don't fit the definition) along with a few of the uncommon ones:

Spanish Names for Vegetables A-B

artichoke — la alcachofa
arugula — la rúcula, la rúgula
asparagus — el espárrago, los espárragos
avocado — el aguacate, la palta
bamboo shoots — los tallos de bambú
bean — la judía, la haba, la habichuela, el frijol
beet — la remolacha
bell pepper — el pimiento, el ají
bok choy — la col china
broccoli — el brécol, el bróculi
Brussels sprouts — la col de Bruselas

Spanish Nams for Vegetables C-G

cabbage — la col, el repollo
carrot — la zanahoria
cassava — la yuca, la mandioca, la casava, la casabe
cauliflower — la coriflor
celery — el apio
chard — la acelga
chickpea, garbanzo — el garbanzo, el chícharo
chicory — la achicoria
chives — cebollino, cebolleta, cebollín
corn (American English) — el maíz
cucumber — el pepino
dandelion — el diente de león
eggplant — la berenjena
endive — la endivia, la endibia
garlic — el ajo
ginger — el jengibre
green pepper — el pimiento verde, el ají verde

Spanish Names for Vegetables J-P

Jerusalem artichoke — el tupinambo, la pataca, la papa de Jerusalén
jicama — la jícama
kale — la col crespa, la col rizada, el kale
leek — el puerro
lentil — la lenteja
lettuce — la lechuga
mushroom — el champiñón, el hongo
mustard — la mostaza
okra — el quingombó
onion — la cebolla
parsley — el perejil
parsnip — la chirivía, la pastinaca
pea — el guisante, la arveja, el chícharo
potato — la patata, la papa
pumpkin — la calabaza

Spanish Names for Vegetables R-Z

radish — el rábano
red pepper — el pimiento rojo, el ají rojo
rhubarb — el ruibarbo, el rapóntico
rutabaga — el nabo sueco
shallot — el chalote
sorrel — la acedera
soybean — la semilla de soja
spinach — las espinacas
squash — la cucurbitácea
string beans — las habas verdes
sweet potato — la batata
tapioca — la tapioca
tomatillo — el tomatillo
tomato — el tomate
turnip — el nabo
water chestnut — la castaña de agua, el abrojo acuático
watercress — el berro
yam — el ñame, el boniato, la batata, el yam
zucchini — el calabacín

Vocabulary Notes

Not all vegetables are classified identically in the two languages. For example, not all the coles are thought of by most English speakers as cabbages, and not all beans would be thought of by Spanish speakers as habas. Also, as in English, names of some vegetables can vary with region or with how they're prepared.

A vegetarian diet can be referred to as a régimen vegetariano or dieta vegetariana, and a vegetarian is a vegetariano or vegetariana. A vegan is a vegetariano estricto, although the term may not be understood in all places without an explanation.

Methods of Preparing Vegetables

Following is a selection of verbs used in discussing methods of preparing vegetables. Also, the verbs cocer and cocinar can be used generically to refer to many methods of cooking.

boil — hervir
braise, stew — hervir a fuego lento, estofar
fry — freír
grill — asar/hacer a la parrilla
pickle — encurtir
roast, bake — asar
sauté, stir-fry — saltear
steam — cocer/cocinar al vapor

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Erichsen, Gerald. "Vegetables in Spanish." ThoughtCo, Oct. 31, 2017, thoughtco.com/vegetables-in-spanish-3079968. Erichsen, Gerald. (2017, October 31). Vegetables in Spanish. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/vegetables-in-spanish-3079968 Erichsen, Gerald. "Vegetables in Spanish." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/vegetables-in-spanish-3079968 (accessed January 19, 2018).