Family Related Vocabulary for English Learners

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Beare, Kenneth. "Family Related Vocabulary for English Learners." ThoughtCo, Jul. 26, 2017, thoughtco.com/vocabulary-relating-to-family-4018887. Beare, Kenneth. (2017, July 26). Family Related Vocabulary for English Learners. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/vocabulary-relating-to-family-4018887 Beare, Kenneth. "Family Related Vocabulary for English Learners." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/vocabulary-relating-to-family-4018887 (accessed October 20, 2017).
Family
Happy Family. Hero Images / Getty Images

The words and phrases below are used when talking about family and relationships. Each word is categorized and is used in an example sentence to provide context for understanding

Families

Here are the people we call family:

aunt: My aunt tells me funny stories about my mother's youth.
brother: My brother is very competitive.
cousin: My cousin left for college last year.
daughter: She has one daughter and one son.


father: My father spent a lot of time on the road for work.
grandchild: That 90 year old woman has twenty grandchildren!
granddaughter / son: His granddaughter gave him a birthday card with a bunny.
grandfather / mother: Do you remember your grandmothers and grandfathers?
great-grandchild: She has four great-grandchildren and is very happy to be alive and to have met them all!
husband: She sometimes argues with her husband, but that's normal in every marriage.
ex-husband: She had to divorce her ex-husband because he cheated on her.
in-laws: Many people don't get along with their in-laws. Others are happy to have a new family!
son-in-law, daughter-in-law: Her daughter-in-law told her to mind her own business.
mother: Mother knows best, or at least that's what my mother always said.
niece: His niece works in a shop in Seattle selling eyewear.
nephew: I have a nephew who lives in town. It's nice to have lunch every once in a while.


parents: All of us have two biological parents. Some people grow up with adopted parents.
sister: His sister drove him crazy with her constant complaining about the parents.
son: Many people say that sons are harder to raise than daughters because they cause more trouble.
step-father, step mother: She gets along wither her step-father, but she prefers to not call him "Dad."
step-daughter, step-son: If you marry him, you'll have two step-daughters and one step-son.


twin: It's amazing how similar some twins are. They look, act, and talk alike.
uncle: My uncle lives in Texas. He's nothing like my father.
widow: She became a widow twenty years ago and never remarried.
widower: The widower is very sad because he's all alone now.
wife: My wife is the most amazing woman in the world because she puts up with me.
ex-wife: His ex-wife took all his money.

Marital Relationships

Marriage brings change. Use these words to describe your relationships:

divorced:Jennifer is divorced, but she's happy to be single again.
engaged: Helen is engaged to be married next June. She's making lots of plans for the wedding.
married: I've been married for over twenty-five years. I consider myself lucky.
separated: In many countries, couples must be separated for more than a year in order to divorce.
single: He's a single man living in New York.
widowed: Hank became widowed last year. He hasn't been the same since.

Becoming Family

These verbs describe the process of becoming family:

get divorced (from): My husband and I got divorced three years ago. Now, we're best friends, but we know our marriage was a mistake.
get engaged (to): I got engaged to my wife after just two months of dating.
get married (to): We're planning on getting married in May.


marry someone: She married Tom fifty years ago today. Happy anniversary!
start / end a relationship with someone: I think we should end our relationship. We're not happy with each other.

Family Vocabulary Quiz

Use the context of each sentence to help you find an appropriate family related word to fill in the gaps:

  1. My father has a brother and a ______, so that means I have one _____ and one aunt on my father's side of the family.
  2. Someday, I hope to have a lot of ______. Of course, that means that the children of my children need to have more children!
  3. After five years of marriage, they decided to get _____ because they couldn't get along with each other. 
  4. Upon her husband's death, she became a _____ and never married again. 
  5. My mother remarried last year. Now, I'm the _____ of my step-father.
  6. Peter's _____, but he would like to get married and have children one day. 
  1. We started our ______ in Germany after we had met at an English language school. 
  2. My _____ looks exactly like me, but I was born thirty minutes before she was. 
  3. He has an excellent relationship with his _____. They still celebrate holidays together with their children despite their divorce.
  4. I'm ______ to be married in June! I can't wait!

Answers:

  1. sister / uncle
  2. great-grandchildren
  3. divorced
  4. widow
  5. step-daughter or step-son
  6. single
  7. relationship
  8. twin
  9. ex-wife
  10. engaged

To continue practicing family related vocabulary, here is a family relationships lesson plan. There's also a dysfunctional family gap fill activity to further your related vocabulary. 

Format
mla apa chicago
Your Citation
Beare, Kenneth. "Family Related Vocabulary for English Learners." ThoughtCo, Jul. 26, 2017, thoughtco.com/vocabulary-relating-to-family-4018887. Beare, Kenneth. (2017, July 26). Family Related Vocabulary for English Learners. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/vocabulary-relating-to-family-4018887 Beare, Kenneth. "Family Related Vocabulary for English Learners." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/vocabulary-relating-to-family-4018887 (accessed October 20, 2017).