War Goddesses of the Ancient World

While in the ancient world, most of the fighting was done by men, there was occasionally a woman who made her mark militarily. Likewise, while most of the war gods were male, there were also war goddesses, some of whom doubled as love and fertility goddesses.

1
Agasaya

Semitic
Semitic war goddess who was combined with Ishtar. She is called "The Shrieker."
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

2
Anahita

Possibly Anahita with Ardashir I and Shapur.
Possibly Anahita with Ardashir I and Shapur. From Sarab-e Qandil, vicinity of Kazerun, Fars province, Iran, May 2009. CC Flickr User dynamosquito

Persian, Chaldean, Iranian, and possibly Semitic
As well as being a war goddess, Anahita is the Persian water goddess, fertility goddess, and patroness of women. She drives a 4-horse chariot with the horses representing wind, rain, clouds, and sleet. She is tall, beautiful, and wears a golden crown
Sources:
"Anāhitā and Alexander," by William L. Hanaway, Jr. Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 102, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1982), pp. 285-295.
Dictionary of Ancient Deities, by Patricia Turner, Charles Russell Coulter.

3
Anath

Semitic
West Semitic love and war goddess, associated with Baal.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica

4
Andraste

Celtic
Celtic Britain war god honored by Boudicca.
Source: "Omens and Celtic Warfare", by Ellen Ettlinger. Man, Vol. 43, (Jan. - Feb., 1943), pp. 11-17.

5
Ankt

Egypt
Spear-carrying war goddess.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

6
Anouke

Egypt
Elder war goddess with bow and arrows, as well as a shuttle.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

7
Ashtart

Canaanite
Connected with Anat as war goddess, as well as sensuousness, and self-indulgence.
Source: "A Relief of Qudshu-Astarte-Anath in the Winchester College Collection," by I. E. S. Edwards. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, Henri Frankfort Memorial Issue (Jan., 1955).

8
Athena

Athena at the Carnegie Museum
Athena at the Carnegie Museum. CC Flickr User Sabbath Photography
Greece
Multi-faceted virgin goddess. Goddess of wisdom, crafts, and warfare.

9
Badb

Celtic
Irish Celtic war goddess who takes part in battle. Assumes raven shape. Also Morrigan.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

10
Bellona

Rome
Roman war goddess who accompanied Mars into battle. Wears helmet, and carries a spear and torch.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

11
Enyo

Greece
Greek horror and war goddess, sometimes daughter of Ares. Associated with Bellona.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

12
Eshara

Chaldean
Chaldean war goddess.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

13
Inanna

Sumer
Love fertitlity and war goddess. Most important Sumerian goddess.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

14
Ishtar

Lion frieze, Ishtar Gate, Pergamon Museum, Berlin
Lion frieze, Ishtar Gate, Pergamon Museum, Berlin. CC Flickr User Rictor Norton & David Allen
Babylonia/Assyrian Love, fertility and war goddess, associated with a lion. Carries a staff known as a harpe that was, once, a weapon.
Source: "Ishtar, the Lady of Battle," by Nanette B. Rodney. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series, Vol. 10, No. 7 (Mar., 1952), pp. 211-216.

15
Korrawi

Tamil
Also called Katukilal. War and victory goddess.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

16
Menhit

Egypt
"She Who Slaughters." Lion and war goddess.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

17
Minerva

The Roman goddess Minerva at Corbirdge
The Roman goddess Minerva at Corbirdge. CC Flickr User Alun Salt.
Rome
Multi-faceted virgin goddess. Goddess of wisdom, crafts, and warfare.

18
Nanaja

Sumer
Sumerian and Akkadian goddess of sex and war.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.

19
Neith

Hieroglyph for Neith
Hieroglyph for Neith. CC Flickr User pyramidtextsonline.
Egypt
Tutelary goddess of Sais. Represented with a shield crossed by arrows.
Source: "Notes on Cultural Innovations in Dynastic Egypt," by Walter Cline. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Spring, 1948), pp. 1-30.

20
Sakhmet

Sskhmet
Sskhmet. CC Flickr User unforth.

Egypt
Destructive lioness-headed Egyptian goddess associated with war and vengeance
Sources:
Encyclopedia Mythica.
"The King of Egypt's Grace before Meat," by A. M. Blackman. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 31, (Dec., 1945), pp. 57-73.

21
Zroya

Slavonic
Virgin war goddess associated with the storm god Perun.
Source: Encyclopedia Mythica.