The Molecular Formula for Water

It shows 1 oxygen atom and 2 hydrogen atoms

This is the three-dimensional molecular structure of water.
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The molecular formula for water is H2O. One molecule of water consists of one oxygen atom covalently bonded to two hydrogen atoms. The same formula is also the simplest formula for water, since the subscripts don't reduce to smaller values.

There are three isotopes of hydrogen. The usual chemical formula for water assumes the hydrogen atoms consist of the isotope protium (one proton, no neutrons). Heavy water is also possible, in which one or more of the atoms of hydrogen consist of deuterium (symbol D) or tritium (symbol T). Other forms of the chemical formula for water include D2O, DHO, T2O, and THO. It's theoretically possible to form TDO, although such a molecule would be extremely rare.

Although most people assume water is H2O, only completely pure water lacks other elements and ions. Drinking water usually contains chlorine, silicates, magnesium, calcium, aluminum, sodium, and trace amounts of other ions and molecules.

Also, water dissolves itself, forming its ions, H+ and OH-. A sample of water contains the intact water molecule along with hydrogen cations and hydroxide anions.

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Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "The Molecular Formula for Water." ThoughtCo, Nov. 28, 2022, Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2022, November 28). The Molecular Formula for Water. Retrieved from Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "The Molecular Formula for Water." ThoughtCo. (accessed January 28, 2023).