Languages › English as a Second Language The Five Main Types of Adverbs in English Share Flipboard Email Print Chris Ryan / Getty Images English as a Second Language Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated March 05, 2019 Adverbs are one of the eight parts of speech and are used to modify verbs. They can describe how, when, where, and how often something is done. Here is a guide to the five types of adverbs. Adverbs of Manner Adverbs of manner provide information on how someone does something. Adverbs of manner are most often used with action verbs. Adverbs of manner include: slowly, fast, carefully, carelessly, effortlessly, urgently, etc. Adverbs of manner can be placed at the end of sentences or directly before or after the verb. Examples Jack drives very carefully.He won the tennis match effortlessly.She slowly opened the present. Adverbs of Time and Frequency Adverbs of time provide information on when something happens. Adverbs of time can express a specific time such as in two days, yesterday, three weeks ago, etc. Adverbs of time are usually placed at the end of sentences, though they sometimes begin a sentence. Examples We'll let you know our decision next week.I flew to Dallas three weeks ago.Yesterday, I received a letter from my friend in Belfast. Adverbs of frequency are similar to adverbs of time except that they express how often something happens. Adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb. They are placed after the verb 'be'. Here is a list of the most common adverbs of frequency beginning with the most often to the least often: alwaysalmost alwaysusuallyoftensometimesoccasionallyseldom rarelyalmost nevernever Examples He seldom takes a vacation.Jennifer occasionally goes to the movies.Tom is never late for work. Adverbs of Degree Adverbs of degree provide information concerning how much of something is done. These adverbs are often placed at the end of a sentence. Examples They like playing golf a lot.She decided that she doesn't enjoy watching TV at all. She nearly flew to Boston, but decided not to go in the end. Adverbs of Place Adverbs of place tell us where something happened. They include works such as nowhere, anywhere, outside, everywhere, etc. Examples Tom will go anywhere with his dog.You'll find that there is nowhere like home.She found the box outside. Formation Adverbs are usually formed by adding '-ly' to an adjective. quiet - quietly, careful - carefully, careless - carelessly Adjectives ending in '-le' change to '-ly'. possible - possibly, probable - probably, incredible - incredibly Adjectives ending in '-y' change to '-ily'. lucky - luckily, happy - happily, angry - angrily Adjectives ending in '-ic' change to '-ically'. basic - basically, ironic - ironically, scientific - scientifically Some adjectives are irregular. good - well, hard - hard, fast -fast Sentence Placement Adverbs of Manner: Adverbs of manner are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence). Their teacher speaks quickly. Adverbs of Time: Adverbs of time are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence). She visited her friends last year. Adverbs of Frequency: Adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb (not the auxiliary verb). He often goes to bed late. Do you sometimes get up early? Adverbs of Degree: Adverbs of degree are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence). She'll attend the meeting as well. Adverbs of place: Adverbs of place are generally placed at the end of a sentence. She walked out of the room to nowhere. Important Exceptions Some adverbs are placed at the beginning of a sentence to provide more emphasis. Now you tell me you can't come! Adverbs of frequency are placed after the verb 'to be' when used as the main verb of the sentence. Jack is often late for work. Some adverbs of frequency (sometimes, usually, normally) are also placed at the beginning of the sentence for emphasis. Sometimes I visit my friends in London.