What Color Is Vermilion?

This orange color comes from a mineral not a fruit

Vermilion shades
Shades of vermilion (aka vermillion). © Jacci Howard Bear; licensed to About.com. | Cool, Calming Colors | Warm, Exciting Colors | Mixed Cool/Warm Colors | Unifying Neutral Colors

This orange-red color comes from the pigment found in the mineral cinnabar. Vermilion may also be spelled vermillion. - Jacci Howard Bear's Desktop Publishing Colors and Color Meanings

Vermilion, also known as cinnabar and China red, is red with a bit of orange in it, much like scarlet. It can be produced naturally from the mineral cinnabar and artificially. This warm color is considered the color of life and eternity.

Vermilion carries with it the same symbolism as red—a power color also associated with love, marriage and religion.

Using Vermilion Color in Design Files

When you plan a design project that will be printed in ink on paper, use CMYK formulations for vermillion in your page layout software or select a Pantone spot color. For display on a computer monitor, use RGB values. Use Hex designations when working with HTML, CSS and SVG. Vermilion shades are best achieved with the following information:

  • Vermilion: Hex #e34234 | RGB 227,66,52 | CMYK 0,71,77,11
  • Orange Red (Web color orangered): Hex #ff3f00 | RGB 255,69,0 | CMYK 0,75,100,0
  • Orange Red 2: Hex #ee4000 | RGB 238,64,0 | CMYK 0,73,100,7
  • Scarlet: Hex #ff2400 | RGB 255,36,0 | CMYK 0,86,100,0
  • Tomato 2: Hex #ee5c42 | RGB 238,92,66 | CMYK 0,61,72,7
  • Coral 2: Hex #ee6a50 | RGB 238,106,80  | CMYK 0,55,66,7

Choosing Pantone Colors Closest to Vermilion

When working with printed pieces, sometimes a solid color vermilion, rather than a CMYK mix, is a more economical choice.

The Pantone Matching System is the most widely recognized spot color system. Here are the Pantone colors suggested as best matches to vermilion colors.

  • Vermilion: Pantone Solid Coated 179 C 
  • Orange Red (Web color orangered): Pantone Solid Coated 172 C 
  • Orange Red 2: Pantone Solid Coated 2028 C
  • Scarlet: Pantone Solid Coated 2028 C
  • Tomato 2: Pantone Solid Coated 2027 C
  • Coral 2: Pantone Solid Coated 7416 C