Languages › Japanese What Does "~ Kana" Mean at the End of Sentence in Japanese? Share Flipboard Email Print Masahiro Hayata/Wikimedia Commons/Creative Commons 2.0 Japanese Essential Japanese Vocabulary History & Culture Japanese Grammar By Namiko Abe Japanese Language Expert B.A., Kwansei Gakuin University Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. our editorial process Namiko Abe Updated May 06, 2019 For new students learning Japanese, you'll eventually come across sentences ending with "kana." Sometimes from the context, it's difficult to tell what "kana" means. How does it translate into a sentence? Here's the basic breakdown of this unusual Japanese sentence structure (unusual to English speakers, at least): When you see Kana at the end of a sentence, it is essentially inferring the English equivalent of "I wonder." It's a relatively casual expression, and used quite often in conversation. Instead of just asking the question, it's a way of couching it a bit, to encourage the listener to "wonder" as well. Here are some examples: Ashita yuki ga furu kana.明日雪が降るかな。 I wonder if it will snow tomorrow. Ano hito wa supein-jin kana.あの人はスペイン人かな。 I wonder if he/she is Spanish. "~ kashira （～かしら）" can be replaced with "~ kana", though it is used only by females. Kore ikura kashira.これいくらかな。 I wonder how much it is. Dou shita no kashira.どうしたのかしら。 I wonder what happened. Here are some more phrases with "~ kana." Nani o kite ikou kana.何を着ていこうかな。 What shall I wear? Mattete kureru kana.待っててくれるかな。 I wonder if he/she will wait for me. Machiawase-basho machigaeta kana.待ち合わせ場所間違えたかな。 I wonder if I am waitingin the wrong place. Okane, ato ikura nokotteru kana.お金、後いくら残ってるかな。 I wonder how much money I have left. .来年はいいことあるかな。 I wonder if next year will bringsomething good. To ask the question and add an element of doubt or uncertainty "I wasn't sure whether it would snow" you would add の(no) forming "nokana." How Sentence Ending Particles Express Emotions in Japanese Use These Useful Expressions When Shopping in Japan How Can You Express Your Thoughts in Japanese? All About the Japanese Particles Wa and Ga Using the Japanese Particles Wa and Ga Correctly How to Use the Particle Ni in Japanese Learning About the Japanese Particle for "To" How to Express Uncertainty When Speaking Japanese Frequently Asked Questions in Introductory Japanese Singing "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" in Japanese Most Common Sentence Ending Particles in Japanese Sentences (2) Learn About Expressions of Ability and Potential Verbs in Japanese Here Are Popular Japanese Conversation Openers Do You Know the Many Usages of "O" and "No" in Japanese? Learn Difference Between Japanese Words "Kudasai" and "Onegaishimasu" What Does Iiyo Mean in Japanese?