concerto grosso

Definition:

A type of orchestral music during the Baroque period for a small group of instrumental soloists and full orchestra. The concerto grosso usually has 3 movements: fast-slow-fast. The fast movement is often in ritornello form (refrain or repeated section). The full orchestra (tutti) plays the ritornello and the soloist/s plays the contrasting sections. Composers who wrote concerto grosso include Corelli, Handel and Vivaldi.

Also Known As: plural: concerti grossi

Examples:

"Twelve concerti grossi, op.6" by Arcangelo Corelli. Listen to "Concerto Grosso in G Minor Op. 6 No. 8" by Corelli courtesy of YouTube.