Humanities › English What Is Monologophobia? Share Flipboard Email Print (Blend Images-Andersen Ross/Getty Images) English English Grammar An Introduction to Punctuation Writing By Richard Nordquist English and Rhetoric Professor Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester B.A., English, State University of New York Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. our editorial process Richard Nordquist Updated November 13, 2019 Early last century, Henry and Francis Fowler coined the phrase elegant variation to refer to needless "substitutions of one word for another for the sake of variety" (The King's English, 1906). Given a choice between "monotonous repetition on the one hand and clumsy variation on the other," we're advised to prefer "the natural . . . to the artificial." In other words, to ensure that our writing is clear and direct, we shouldn't be afraid to repeat words. Similar advice was offered decades later by New York Times editor Theodore M. Bernstein, who coined his own terms for the fear of repetition and the excessive use of distracting synonyms: Monologophobia Definition: An overwhelming fear of using a word more than once in a single sentence, or even in a single paragraph. Etiology: As a child the patient was probably compelled to stand in a corner because he wrote, in a composition: "Grandma gave me a piece of apple pie, then I had another piece of apple pie and then I had another piece of apple pie." Symptoms: The patient now writes: "The wife gave me a piece of apple pie, then I obtained another slice of the pastry containing the round fleshy fruit, and then I secured another portion of the all-American dessert." As is evident, monologophobia is usually accompanied by synonymomania. Treatment: Gently suggest to the patient that repetition is not necessarily fatal, but that if it is an intrusive manifestation, the corrective is not a conspicuous synonym but rather an inconspicuous pronoun or noun: "another," "a second," "a third one."(Miss Thistlebottom's Hobgoblins, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1971) A monologophobe, Harold Evans has said, would edit the Bible to read, "Let there be light and there was solar illumination" (Essential English, 2000). Needless repetition is often just clutter that can be readily avoided without indulging in synonymomania. But not all repetition is bad. Used skillfully and selectively, the repetition of keywords in a paragraph can help to hold sentences together and focus the reader's attention on a central idea.