Science, Tech, Math › Science What Is the Acidity or pH of Milk? Conditions That Affect Acidity Share Flipboard Email Print Jack Andersen / Getty Images Science Chemistry Basics Chemical Laws Molecules Periodic Table Projects & Experiments Scientific Method Biochemistry Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Chemistry In Everyday Life Famous Chemists Activities for Kids Abbreviations & Acronyms Biology Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry Expert Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. our editorial process Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Updated January 13, 2019 The pH of milk determines whether it is considered an acid or a base. Milk is slightly acidic or close to neutral pH. The exact value of a sample depends on when the milk was produced by the cow, any processing done to the milk, and how long it has been packaged or opened. Other compounds in milk act as buffering agents, so that mixing milk with other chemicals brings their pH closer to neutral. The pH of a glass of cow milk ranges from 6.4 to 6.8. Milk fresh from the cow typically has a pH between 6.5 and 6.7. The pH of milk changes over time. As milk goes sour, it becomes more acidic and the pH gets lower. This occurs as bacteria in milk convert the sugar lactose into lactic acid. The first milk produced by a cow contains colostrum, which lowers its pH. If the cow has the medical condition mastitis, the pH of the milk will be higher or more basic. Whole, evaporated milk is slightly more acidic than regular whole or skim milk. The pH of milk depends on the species of the animal producing the milk. Milk from other bovines and non-bovine mammals varies in composition, but has a similar pH. For all species, milk with colostrum has a lower pH and mastitic milk has a higher pH.