What is the Sacrament?

Bread and wine
Richard Eskite Photography

The sacrament is a sacred ordinance which was administered by Jesus Christ unto His followers both before, and after, His death and resurrection. Learn what the sacrament represents, what covenant we renew, and what we promise to do when we partake of the blessed bread and water. Then learn why the sacrament is performed each week.

Sacrament is an Ordinance:

The Sacrament is an ordinance performed in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints during Sunday's sacrament meeting.

The ordinance of the sacrament is performed by the blessing and passing of bread and water to the congregation.

"It is expedient that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in the remembrance of the Lord Jesus" ( D&C 20:75).
Also see "How the Sacrament is Blessed" and administered to the congregation.

Administered by Jesus Christ:

The sacrament was first administered by Jesus Christ to His apostles:1

"And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

"Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you" ( Luke 22:19-20).
After His resurrection, Christ again administered the sacrament to His apostles and other disciples. Later when He appeared to the Nephite people, as recorded in The Book of Mormon, He administered the ordinance of the sacrament to them as well.
2

Represents Body and Blood of Christ:

As members of the Church we partake of the sacrament to remember the Atonement of Jesus Christ: the shedding of His blood and the death of His body. The water represents His blood and the bread represents His body.

"The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?" ( 1 Cor. 10: 16).

Renew Baptismal Covenants:

Through the ordinance of the sacrament, worthy members of the Church renew their baptismal covenants and promise to take upon them the name of Christ, to always remember him, and to keep his commandments.3

Sacred:

Partaking of the sacrament is a sacred privilege and should only be done so by a baptized member of the Church who is worthy to partake of it:

"See that ye are not baptized unworthily; see that ye partake not of the sacrament of Christ unworthily; but see that ye do all things in worthiness, and do it in the name of Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God; and if ye do this, and endure to the end, ye will in nowise be cast out" ( Mormon 9:29).
The sacrament of the bread and water is a sacred ordinance and is the most important part of Sunday's worship services. Learn how the sacrament is blessed and administered.

Notes:
1 Also see Matt 26:17-28
2 See 3 Nephi 18:1-9; 20:3-8; 26:13
3D&C 20:76-79