<p>If George Washington was the Father of His Country, Martha was the Mother. She ran the family business – the plantation – when he was gone, first during the French and Indian Wars, and then during the Revolution. And she helped set a standard of elegance but simplicity, presiding over receptions in the presidential residences first in New York, then in Philadelphia. But because she opposed him running for the presidency, she did not attend his inauguration.</p><p>In her famous letters with her husband during his time at the Continental Congress, she tried to influence John Adams to include women’s rights in the new documents of independence. While John served as a diplomat during the Revolutionary War, she took care of the farm at home, and for three years she joined him overseas. She mostly stayed home and managed the family’s finances during his vice presidency and presidency.</p><p> We don’t know for sure that she made the first American flag, but she represented the story of many American women during the Revolution anyway. Her first husband was killed on militia duty in 1776 and her second husband was a sailor who was captured by the British in 1781 and died in prison. So, like many women in wartime, she took care of her child and herself by earning a living – in her case, as a seamstress and flag maker.</p><p>Married and mother of five sons, Mercy Otis Warren’s brother was very involved in the resistance to British rule, writing the famous line against the Stamp Act, “Taxation without representation is tyranny.” She was probably part of discussions that helped initiate the Committees of Correspondence, and she wrote plays that are considered part of the propaganda campaign to coalesce opposition to the British.</p><p>In the early 19<sup>th</sup> century, she published the first history of the American Revolution. Many of the anecdotes are about people she knew personally.</p><p>Some women literally fought in the Revolution, even though almost all the soldiers were men. Mary Hays McCauly is known for taking her hsuband&#39;s place loading a cannon at the battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778. Her story inspired others.</p><p> If the stories of her ride are true, she was the female Paul Revere, riding to warn of an imminent attack on Danbury, Connecticut, by British soldiers.</p><p>Born in Africa and kidnapped into slavery, Phillis was bought by a family who saw to it that she was taught to read, and then to more advanced education. She wrote a poem in 1776 on the occasion of George Washington’s appointment as commander of the Continental Army. She wrote other poems on the subject of Washington, but with the war, interest in her published poetry waned. With the war’s disruption of normal life, she experienced hardships, as did so many other American women and especially African American women of the time.</p><p> During the American Revolution, she supported the American side, and even wrote a pamphlet about the role of women in wartime. Adams was the first American woman to make her living by writing; she never married and her books, on religion and on the history of New England, supported her.</p>In addition to her long-forgotten essay &#34;On the Equality of the Sexes,&#34; written in 1779 and published in 1780, Judith Sargent Murray -- then still Judith Sargent Stevens -- wrote about the politics of the new nation of America. They were collected and published as a book in 1798, the first book in America self-published by a woman.