Humanities › History & Culture 1951 - Winston Churchill Again Prime Minister of Great Britain Winston Churchill's Second Term Share Flipboard Email Print Winston Churchill in Evening Dress with Cigar, 1951. Bettmann/Getty Images History & Culture The 20th Century The 50s People & Events Fads & Fashions Early 20th Century The 20s The 30s The 40s The 60s The 80s The 90s American History African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History Women's History View More By Jennifer Rosenberg History Expert B.A., History, University of California at Davis Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. our editorial process Jennifer Rosenberg Updated April 02, 2017 Winston Churchill Again Prime Minister of Great Britain (1951): After being chosen to be Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1940 to lead the country during World War II, Winston Churchill refused to surrender to the Germans, built up British morale, and became a central force of the Allies. However, before the war with Japan had ended, Churchill and his Conservative Party were soundly defeated by the Labour Party in a general election held in July 1945. Considering Churchill's near-hero status at the time, it was a shock that Churchill lost the election. The public, although grateful to Churchill for his role in winning the war, was ready for a change. After half a decade at war, the populace was ready to think of the future. The Labour Party, who focused on domestic rather than foreign issues, included in its platform programs for such things as better health care and education. Six years later, in another general election, the Conservative Party won the majority of seats. With this win, Winston Churchill became Prime Minister of Great Britain for his second term in 1951. On April 5, 1955, at age 80, Churchill resigned as Prime Minister.