Science, Tech, Math › Animals & Nature Winter Tree Identification Identify Dormant Trees Using Buds and Twigs Share Flipboard Email Print Animals & Nature Forestry Tree Identification Basics Arboriculture Tree Structure & Physiology The Science Of Growing Trees Conifer Species Individual Hardwood Species Pests, Diseases, and Wildfires Tree Planting and Reforestation Amphibians Birds Habitat Profiles Mammals Reptiles Wildlife Conservation Insects Marine Life Dinosaurs Evolution View More By Steve Nix Forestry Expert B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. our editorial process Steve Nix Updated January 24, 2018 Identifying a dormant tree is not nearly as complicated as it might seem at first glance. Winter tree identification will demand some dedication to apply the necessary practice to improve the skill of identifying trees without leaves. But if you follow the instructions and use your powers of observation, you will find a pleasurable and beneficial way to enhance your skills as a naturalist - even in the dead of winter. Learning to identify a tree without leaves can immediately make your growing season trees easier to name. Using Botanical Markers and Tree Characteristics for Tree Identification Persistent Oak leaf and buds. Steve Nix Botanical markers and tree characteristics should be used when identifying a dormant tree. Tree leaves are great but keen observation skills are critical for tree identification in winter. Get to know a tree and its parts, or "markers," and how these parts look in every season - especially in winter. Using a Tree Twig for Winter Tree Identification Parts of a tree twig. (USFS) Using a tree twig key is an excellent way to identify a tree when no leaves are available. But using a tree twig key means learning a twig's botanical parts. A twig key can help you identify a tree to the specific species by asking two question where you can affirm one and eliminate the other. This is called a dichotomous key. Here is instruction on using a twig key and links to several of the best online twig keys. Dormant Tree Identification Image Gallery Ash twig and fruit. Steve Nix This gallery is available to augment your study of trees in winter to better identify tree species. Using your powers of observation, you will find a pleasurable and beneficial way to enhance your skills as a naturalist - even in the dead of winter. Trees With Opposite Twig, Bud and Leaf Structure Fraxinus americana - White Ash leaves. Virens/Flikr/CC BY 2.0 Here are the important botanical markers to look for in the most common opposite ranked tree species in North America. These trees include ash, maple, dogwood, and Buckeye. Trees With Alternate Twig, Bud and Leaf Structure Leaf of Cladrastis kentukea. (Jaknouse/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0) Here are the important botanical markers to look for in the most common alternate ranked tree species in North America. These trees include hickory, black walnut, oak, yellow poplar, birch, beech, elm, cherry, sweetgum, and sycamore. A Beginning Guide to Winter Tree Identification Sweetgum balls andlLeaves in winter. Steve Nix Identifying a dormant tree is not as complicated as it might seem at first glance. Dormant tree identification will demand a few extra "tricks" to improve the skill of identifying trees without leaves. Here is a guide to help.